Information Asymmetry and the Wealth Appropriation Effect in the Bond Market: Evidence from Late Disclosures
Journal of Business Research
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We examine the effect of an exogenous increase in information asymmetry (as proxied by late filings of firms' Form 10-K) on bond prices. We find that bondholders react negatively to a late filing announcement but this negative reaction is conditional on whether late filing firms appropriate wealth from bondholders through shareholder distribution. Moreover, we find that the impact of financial distress and covenants on bond values is mainly driven by the wealth appropriation from bondholders. The results are robust to difference-in-difference analysis using treatment (i.e., late filing) and control (i.e., non-late-filing) samples based on propensity score matching. The results provide evidence that shareholder distribution as a specific form of wealth appropriation from bondholders to shareholders has a significant effect on bond values when financial information is not timely provided to capital markets.
Information asymmetry; Late disclosures; Bond market; Debt market; Wealth appropriation; Bond covenants
Finance and Financial Management
Zhang, A. (.
Information Asymmetry and the Wealth Appropriation Effect in the Bond Market: Evidence from Late Disclosures.
Journal of Business Research, 95