Families; Minority teenagers; Social participation; Teenagers; Violence


Community-Based Research | Family, Life Course, and Society | Public Health | Race and Ethnicity


Using a national sample of adolescents, results of this study demonstrate the important role family and school social capital plays in protecting both White and selected non- White students against violent outcomes. For example, parent-child relationship was associated with reduced violence for Black and White adolescents but not for Hispanics. School affiliation was significant in models for Hispanic and White adolescents but not in models for Black students. Sports participation was associated with greater violence among Hispanics and Whites, but not Blacks. Interestingly, club participation was significant for Whites, but, like sports, it was associated with greater violence. Parental monitoring and religious participation were significant only for Whites while neighbor involvement was significant only for Blacks.