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International Journal of Exercise Science





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Wearable technology devices are used by millions of people who use daily step counts to promote healthy lifestyles. However, the accuracy of many of these devices has not been determined. The purpose was to determine reliability and validity of the Samsung Gear 2, FitBit Surge, Polar A360, Garmin Vivosmart HR+, and the Leaf Health Tracker when walking and jogging in free motion and treadmill conditions. Forty volunteers completed walking and jogging free motion and treadmill protocols of 5-minute intervals. The devices were worn simultaneously in randomized configurations. The mean of two manual steps counters was used as the criterion measure. Test-retest reliability was determined via Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC). Validity was determined via a combination of Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient, mean absolute percent error (MAPE: free motion ≤ 10.0%, treadmill ≤ 5.00%), and Bland-Altman analysis (device bias and limits of agreement). Significance was set at p< 0.05. The Samsung Gear 2 was deemed to be both reliable and valid for the jogging conditions, but not walking. The Fitbit Surge was reliable and valid for all conditions except for treadmill walking (deemed reliable, ICC = 0.76; but not valid). The Polar A360 was found to be reliable for one condition (treadmill jog ICC = 0.78), but not valid for any condition. The Garmin Vivosmart HR+ and Leaf Health Tracker were found to be both reliable and valid for all situations. While each device returned some level of consistency and accuracy during either free motion or treadmill exercises, the Garmin Vivosmart HR+ and the Leaf Health Tracker were deemed to be reliable and valid for all conditions tested.


Step Count; Accuracy Testing; Inter-Rater Reliability; Test-Retest Reliability; Wearable Technology


Kinesiology | Life Sciences

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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