Copyright infringement

Document Type



Written into the U.S. Constitution in 1789, copyright protection has been legalized to empower creators. "To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries." The copyright protection of scientists' discoveries and authors' creative works are authorized by this clause to benefit our society by supporting innovation and limited time copyright protection. When a unique expression of an idea is created into a tangible format where it can be read, viewed, or heard, it is automatically copyrighted. Registering with the U.S. Copyright Office is not necessary, although it does add a higher level of copyright protection for someone who plans on commercially using his/her own work.


Copyright; Copyright infringement


Intellectual Property Law | Law


Use Find in Your Library, contact the author, or use interlibrary loan to garner a copy of the article. Publisher copyright policy allows author to archive post-print (author’s final manuscript). When post-print is available or publisher policy changes, the article will be deposited