Energy-Preserving Finite Element Methods for a Class of Nonlinear Wave Equations
Applied Numerical Mathematics
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In this paper for the first time, two kinds of energy-preserving finite element approximation schemes, which are based upon the standard finite element method (FEM) and the mixed FEM, respectively, are developed and analyzed for a class of nonlinear wave equations. The energy conservation and the optimal convergence properties are obtained for both finite element schemes in their respective norms, additionally, the energy-preserving mixed FEM can produce one-order higher approximation accuracy to the flux (the gradient of the primary unknown) in L2 norm in contrast with that of the standard FEM when the same degree piecewise polynomial is employed to construct their respective finite element spaces, which may likely result in a more accurate and more physical discrete energy conservation. Numerical experiments are carried out to validate all attained theoretical results. Furthermore, the developed energy-preserving finite element methods can be directly applied to the coupled system of nonlinear wave equations, whose energy conservation and optimal convergence properties are also confirmed by our numerical experiments.
Nonlinear wave equations; Variable coefficients; Energy conservation; Standard finite element method (FEM); Mixed FEM; Raviart-Thomas (RT) mixed element; Optimal convergence
Energy-Preserving Finite Element Methods for a Class of Nonlinear Wave Equations.
Applied Numerical Mathematics, 157