Developing Turbulent Forced Convection in Two-Dimensional Duct

Document Type



Developing turbulent forced convection flow in a two-dimensional duct is simulated for Reynolds numbers ranging from 4560 to 12,000. Simultaneously developing velocity and temperature distributions are reported by treating the inlet flow as isothermal with uniform velocity profile. The walls are supplied with uniform heat flux. Distributions of the streamwise and the transverse velocity components exhibit a maximum near the walls, but not at the center of the duct, in the developing region of the flow. The friction coefficient and the Nusselt number do not reach the fully developed values monotonously, and a minimum in their distributions appears in the developing region. Some results are compared with the available data, and very favorable comparisons are obtained.


Developing flow; Duct; Forced convection; Heat – Convection; Heat transfer; Heat – Transmission; Turbulence; Turbulent


Fluid Dynamics | Heat Transfer, Combustion | Mechanical Engineering


Use Find in Your Library, contact the author, or interlibrary loan to garner a copy of the item. Publisher policy does not allow archiving the final published version. If a post-print (author's peer-reviewed manuscript) is allowed and available, or publisher policy changes, the item will be deposited.

UNLV article access

Search your library