Approximate Field Measures for Ionic Polymer-Metal Composite Materials and a Simplified Order-Of-Magnitude Actuator Model
Smart Materials and Structures
As the field of soft robotics grows and new applications for this technology are discovered, the use of simplified models for the soft actuators found in these devices will be critical. In this study we explore arguments based on the magnitude of field gradients that arise in the ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) under large applied voltages and their use for approximating measures of the fields inside the polymer. Using the order-of-magnitude based arguments provides exceptional results for quantifying the field measures of maximum ionic concentration and electric potential within the bulk of the polymer. These measures are leveraged to reconstruct the fields themselves in such a way that the internal bending moments generated inside the actuator may be approximated. With the internal moments, a simplified kinematic model may be used to formulate the steady-state actuator response of the IPMC. This actuator model shows a great deal of accuracy as compared to a full multiphysics model, and we discuss the prospects for future development of this model to account for dynamic actuation.
Biomimetics; Electroactive polymers; Ionic polymer-metal composites; Multiphysics modeling; Soft-robotics
Engineering Science and Materials | Robotics
Olsen, Z. J.,
Kim, K. J.
Approximate Field Measures for Ionic Polymer-Metal Composite Materials and a Simplified Order-Of-Magnitude Actuator Model.
Smart Materials and Structures, 31(2),