Inducible nitric oxide synthase and nitric oxide production in human fetal astrocytes and microglia: A kinetic analysis

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Journal of Biological Chemistry



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The understanding of the induction and regulation of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) in human cells may be important in developing therapeutic interventions for inflammatory diseases. In the present study, we not only demonstrated that human fetal mixed glial cultures, as well as enriched microglial cultures, synthesize iNOS and nitric oxide (NO) in response to cytokine stimulation, but also assessed the kinetics of iNOS and NO synthesis in human fetal mixed glial cultures. The iNOS mRNA was expressed within 2 h after stimulation and decreased to base line by 2 days. Significant levels of iNOS protein appeared within 24 h after stimulation and remained elevated during the culture period. A dramatic increase in NO production and NO-mediated events, such as the induction of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), NADPH diaphorase activity, and nitrotyrosine occurred 3 days after stimulation, a delay of 48 h from the time of the first expression of iNOS enzyme. This delay of NO production was altered by the addition of tetrahydrobiopterin, but not by the addition of L-arginine, heme, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or NADPH. These findings suggest that a post-translational regulatory event might be involved in iNOS-mediated NO production in human glia.


Cytokines; Inflammation; Nitric-oxide; Nitric-oxide synthase


Medicine and Health Sciences | Nursing




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