Bicarbonate transport by initial collecting tubule of aquatic- and land-phase amphibia

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The rate of bicarbonate reabsorption (JHCO3) by in vitro initial collecting tubules (ICT) from aquatic- and land-phase Ambystoma tigrinum was measured. These animals intrinsically have different levels of plasma bicarbonate, 17.6 and 27.1 mM, respectively. ICT from both phases reabsorbed bicarbonate at 11 pmol X mm-1 X min-1 when perfused in solutions equilibrated with 3% CO2. The induction of metabolic acidosis or alkalosis had no effect on JHCO3 by in vitro ICT. JHCO3 was abolished when ICT from aquatic animals were perfused with solutions equilibrated with 1% CO2 and returned toward the control value when 3% CO2 was reintroduced. The effect of plasma CO2 partial pressure on JHCO3 of the ICT may explain, at least in part, the observed difference in plasma bicarbonate of the aquatic- and land-phase animals. JHCO3 was reduced to 22% of control with amiloride and to 42% of control when a Na+-free perfusate was used, but was insensitive to ethoxzolamide. These data are consistent with the presence of a sodium-proton exchanger on the apical membrane and a carbonic anhydrase-independent mechanism of H+ secretion.


Acid-base imbalances; Acidosis; Alkalosis; Amphibians -- Physiology; Kidney tubules; Renal function; Tiger salamander


Anatomy | Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology | Medical Biochemistry | Nephrology | Organic Chemicals | Physiology


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