Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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We study temporal variability of radiation-driven winds using one-dimensional, time-dependent simulations and an extension of the classic theory of line-driven winds developed by Castor Abbott & Klein. We drive the wind with a sinusoidally varying radiation field and find that after a relaxation time, determined by the propagation time for waves to move out of the acceleration zone of the wind, the solution settles into a periodic state. Winds driven at frequencies much higher than the dynamical frequency behave like stationary winds with time averaged radiation flux, whereas winds driven at much lower frequencies oscillate between the high and low flux stationary states. Most interestingly, we find a resonance frequency near the dynamical frequency that results in velocity being enhanced or suppressed by a factor comparable to the amplitude of the flux variation. Whether the velocity is enhanced or suppressed depends on the relative phase between the radiation and the dynamical variables. These results suggest that a time-varying radiation source can induce density and velocity perturbations in the acceleration zones of line-driven winds.
Hydrodynamics; Stars: Massive; Stars: Winds; Outflows; Quasars: General; X-rays: Galaxies
Astrophysics and Astronomy
Time-dependent Radiation-driven Winds.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 481(4),