Title

Orbital Dynamics of Circumbinary Planets

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-22-2019

Publication Title

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Volume

490

Issue

4

First page number:

5634

Last page number:

5646

Abstract

We investigate the dynamics of a non-zero mass, circular orbit planet around an eccentric orbit binary for various values of the binary eccentricity, binary mass fraction, planet mass, and planet semimajor axis by means of numerical simulations. Previous studies investigated the secular dynamics mainly by approximate analytic methods. In the stationary inclination state, the planet and binary precess together with no change in relative tilt. For both prograde and retrograde planetary orbits, we explore the conditions for planetary orbital libration versus circulation and the conditions for stationary inclination. As was predicted by analytic models, for sufficiently high initial inclination, a prograde planet’s orbit librates about the stationary tilted state. For a fixed binary eccentricity, the stationary angle is a monotonically decreasing function of the ratio of the planet-to-binary angular momentum j. The larger j, the stronger the evolutionary changes in the binary eccentricity and inclination. We also calculate the critical tilt angle that separates the circulating from the librating orbits for both prograde and retrograde planet orbits. The properties of the librating orbits and stationary angles are quite different for prograde versus retrograde orbits. The results of the numerical simulations are in very good quantitative agreement with the analytic models. Our results have implications for circumbinary planet formation and evolution.

Keywords

Methods: Analytical; Celestial Mechanics; Binaries: General

Disciplines

Astrophysics and Astronomy | Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Language

English

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