Radionuclide Incorporation in Negative Thermal Expansion a-Zr(WO4)2: A Density Functional Theory Study
Chemical Physics Letters
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The incorporation of uranium, plutonium and technetium in the negative thermal expansion (NTE) a-Zr(WO4)2 has been investigated within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). It is found that the vacancy formation energies of the charged vacancies are overall larger than that of its counterpart neutral Frenkel defects and Schottky defects. DFT calculations suggest that U and Pu substitutions for the Zr site are preferred in a-Zr(WO4)2. In case of Tc substitution, both Tc(IV) for the Zr site and Tc(VII) for the W site are considered under oxygen-poor and oxygen-rich conditions, while Tc(VII) substitution can be improved significantly by including Y2O3 (charge compensation).
Radionuclide incorporation; Negative thermal expansion; Zirconium tungstate
Weck, P. F.,
Greathouse, J. A.,
Gordon, M. E.,
Bryan, C. R.
Radionuclide Incorporation in Negative Thermal Expansion a-Zr(WO4)2: A Density Functional Theory Study.
Chemical Physics Letters, 744