Title

A Revisited Mechanism of the Graphite-to-Diamond Transition at High Temperature

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-12-2020

Publication Title

Matter

Abstract

The graphite-diamond transition, under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions, has been a central subject in physical science. However, its atomistic mechanism remains under debate. Employing large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we report a mechanism whereby the diamond nuclei in the graphite matrix propagate in two preferred directions, among which the graphite [120] is about 2.5 times faster than [001]. Consequently, cubic diamond (CD) is the kinetically favorable product, while only a few hexagonal diamonds (HDs) can exist as the twins of CDs. The coherent interface of t-(100)gr//(11-1)cd + [010]gr//[1-10]cd observed in MD simulation was confirmed by our high-resolution transmission electron microscopy experiment. The proposed mechanism not only clarifies the role of HD in graphite-diamond transition but also yields atomistic insight into strengthening synthetic diamond via microstructure engineering.

Keywords

Phase transition; Molecular dynamics simulation; Superhard materials; Crystal growth; Interfaces

Disciplines

Condensed Matter Physics

Language

English

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