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Bionanotechnology, the use of biological resources to produce novel, valuable nanomaterials, has witnessed tremendous developments over the past two decades. This eco-friendly and sustainable approach enables the synthesis of numerous, diverse types of useful nanomaterials for many medical, commercial, and scientific applications. Countless reviews describing the biosynthesis of nanomaterials have been published. However, to the best of our knowledge, no review has been exclusively focused on the in vivo biosynthesis of inorganic nanomaterials. Therefore, the present review is dedicated to filling this gap by describing the many different facets of the in vivo biosynthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) using living eukaryotic cells and organisms—more specifically, live plants and living biomass of several species of microalgae, yeast, fungus, mammalian cells, and animals. It also highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the synthesis methodologies and the NP characteristics, bio-applications, and proposed synthesis mechanisms. This comprehensive review also brings attention to enabling a better understanding between the living organisms themselves and the synthesis conditions that allow their exploitation as nanobiotechnological production platforms as these might serve as a robust resource to boost and expand the bio-production and use of desirable, functional inorganic nanomaterials.
Nanobiotechnology; Living cells; Eukaryotes; Nanoparticles; Bioreduction; Bio-applications; Sustainability; Post-processing; Bioprocessing
Biochemistry | Biology and Biomimetic Materials | Biotechnology | Molecular Biology | Nanotechnology
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Jaramillo, F. E.,
Bazylinski, D. A.,
Dahoumane, S. A.
In Vivo Biosynthesis of Inorganic Nanomaterials Using Eukaryotes - A Review.