ERCP with Overtube-Assisted Enteroscopy in Patients with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Anatomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
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Background Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) anatomy is challenging. Overtube-assisted enteroscopy (OAE) is usually needed to perform ERCP in these patients. There is significant variation in the reported rates of success and adverse events across published studies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to reliably estimate the pooled rates of success and adverse events. Methods We performed a systematic search of multiple electronic databases through February 2020 to identify studies reporting outcomes of OAE-ERCP in post-RYGB patients. The pooled rates of enteroscopy success, technical success, and adverse events were estimated for OAE-ERCP. The pooled rates of success and adverse events were also estimated for ERCP using double-balloon enteroscopes (DBE) alone. Results 10 studies reporting a total of 398 procedures were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled rates of enteroscopy and technical success of OAE-ERCP were 75.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 64.5-83.6) and 64.8% (95%CI 53.1-74.9) respectively. The pooled rate of adverse events was 8.0% (95%CI 5.2-12.2). The pooled rates of enteroscopy and technical success of DBE-ERCP (four studies) were 83.5% (95%CI 68.3-92.2) and 72.5% (95%CI 52.3-86.4), respectively. The pooled rate of adverse events with DBE-ERCP was 9.0% (95%CI 5.4-14.5). Substantial heterogeneity was noted. Conclusions OAE-ERCP appears to be effective and safe in post-RYGB patients. Among the currently available techniques, OAE-ERCP is the least invasive approach in this challenging group of patients. Future studies comparing the effectiveness and safety of alternative novel techniques, such as endosonography-directed transgastric ERCP, with OAE-ERCP are needed.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP); Overtube-assisted enteroscopy (OAE); Double-balloon enteroscopes (DBE); Bariatric surgery
Gastroenterology | Hepatology | Medical Specialties | Medicine and Health Sciences
Klair, J. S.,
Chandrasekar, V. T.,
Murali, A. R.,
ERCP with Overtube-Assisted Enteroscopy in Patients with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Anatomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.