The Effect of Ulinastatin to the Learning and Memory in Zebrafish
Previous study indicated that Ulinastatin (UTI) increased glutamine uptake by upregulation of glutamate transporters in astrocytes. These glutamate transporters have important role to improve cognitive function in hippocampus. In this study, we wanted to demonstrate whether UTI could improve learning and memory by using zebrafish behavior model and bio-markers. Zebrafish were 6–8 months of age and were 2.5–3.5 cm long. They were divided into four groups by control, 1X PBS-injected control, UTI 10,000, and 50,000 injected group. All PBS and UTI injected zebrafish were anesthetized by Tricainemethanesulphonate. We measured total time, distance moved, and frequency in each compartment of T-maze. We also measured the expression levels of glutamate transporter levels and cognitive bio-markers such as c-fos, c-jun, BDNF. UTI affected the learning and memory in zebrafish in a dose-dependent manner. In 50,000 unit/kg UTI-treated zebrafish, there were increases of time, distance, and frequency in target compartment. In 50,000 unit/kg UTI-treated zebrafish, there was an increase of time in target compartment. There was no difference among control, PBS-injected, and UTI 10,000 unit/kg-treated groups. EAAT4 glutamate transporter, c-fos and BDNF were significantly increased in 50,000 unit/kg UTI-treated group. UTI-enhanced learning and memory in zebrafish. The expressions of EAAT4 glutamate transporter, c- fos and BDNF in zebrafish were highly correlated may play a role.
BDNF; C-fos; C-jun; Ulinastatin; Zebrafish
Applied Mathematics | Mathematics
The Effect of Ulinastatin to the Learning and Memory in Zebrafish.