Cone Beam CT Guidance Improves Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy Safety
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Introduction: Determining the cause of diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD) is challenging. While surgical lung biopsy has been the standard approach, transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) represents a minimally invasive alternative with an acceptable safety profile and reasonable accuracy. In this study, we prospectively assessed whether the use of cone beam CT (CBCT) coupled with a novel bronchoscope holder and prophylactic administration of vasoconstricting medications decreases potential complications and improves diagnostic accuracy when performing TBLC. Methods: 33 patients presenting for evaluation of newly diagnosed DPLD were enrolled. Demographic data, pulmonary function values, chest imaging pattern, procedural information, and diagnosis were recorded. Results: Mean patient age was 67, with the majority Caucasian (n = 26, 79%) and male (n = 20, 61%). Mean pulmonary function values revealed restrictive lung disease (76 ± 14% predicted) and diffusing capacity impairment (52 ± 16%). A non-usual interstitial pneumonia imaging pattern was commonly seen (n = 20, 61%). CBCT guided TBLC was performed in one lobe (n = 29, 88%) or two lobes (n = 4, 12%) with mean probe-to-pleura distance of 4.2 ± 1.3 mm. No peri or post procedural complications occurred. 32 patients (97%) received a histological diagnosis with a final multidisciplinary conference diagnosis possible for 32 (97%). Conclusion: CBCT guided TBLC coupled with a novel articulating scope holder and prophylactic phenylephrine administration has the potential to increase safety and diagnostic yield for patients with newly identified DPLD. Future studies comparing different aspects of this approach in isolation and with other modalities have the potential to refine this procedure to improve patient care.
Cone beam CT; Diffuse parenchymal lung disease; Interstitial lung disease; Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy
Bioimaging and Biomedical Optics | Pulmonology
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Benn, B. S.,
Cone Beam CT Guidance Improves Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy Safety.