Stereodynamics of Ultracold Rotationally Inelastic Collisions
Journal of Chemical Physics
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© 2020 Author(s). Recent experiments on rotational quenching of HD in the v = 1, j = 2 rovibrational state in collisions with H2, D2, and He near 1 K have revealed strong stereodynamic preference stemming from isolated shape resonances. So far, the experiments and subsequent theoretical analyses have considered the initial HD rotational state in an orientation specified by the projection quantum number m or a coherent superposition of different m states. However, it is known that such stereodynamic control is generally not effective in the ultracold energy regime due to the dominance of the incoming s-wave (l = 0, partial wave). Here, we provide a detailed analysis of the stereodynamics of rotational quenching of HD by He with both m and m′ resolution, where m′ refers to the inelastically scattered HD. We show the existence of a significant m dependence in the m′-resolved differential and integral cross sections even in the ultracold s-wave regime with a factor greater than 60 for j = 2 → j′ = 1 and a factor greater than 1300 for j = 3 → j′ = 2 transitions. In the helicity frame, however, the integral cross section has no initial orientation (k) dependence in the ultracold energy regime, even resolving with respect to the final orientation (k′). The distribution of final rotational state orientations (k′) is found to be statistical (uniform), regardless of the initial orientation.
Biological and Chemical Physics
Stereodynamics of Ultracold Rotationally Inelastic Collisions.
Journal of Chemical Physics, 153(18),