The Astrophysical Journal
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Characterizing the physical properties and compositions of circumplanetary disks can provide important insights into the formation of giant planets and satellites. We report Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array 0.88 mm (Band 7) continuum observations of six planetary-mass (10–20 M Jup) companions: CT Cha b, 1RXS 1609 b, ROXs 12 b, ROXs 42B b, DH Tau b, and FU Tau b. No continuum sources are detected at the locations of the companions down to 3σ limits of 120–210 μJy. Given these nondetections, it is not clear whether disks around planetary-mass companions indeed follow the disk-flux–host-mass trend in the stellar regime. The faint radio brightness of these companion disks may result from a combination of fast radial drift and a lack of dust traps. Alternatively, as disks in binary systems are known to have significantly lower millimeter fluxes due to tidal interactions, these companion disks may instead follow the relationship of moderate-separation binary stars. This scenario can be tested with sensitive continuum imaging at rms levels of 10 μJy.
Protoplanetary disks; Radio interferometry; Circumstellar disks; Extrasolar gas giants
External Galaxies | Stars, Interstellar Medium and the Galaxy
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Bowler, B. P.,
Sheehan, P. D.,
Andrews, S. M.,
Herczeg, G. J.,
Kraus, A. L.,
Wilner, D. J.,
ALMA 0.88 mm Survey of Disks around Planetary-Mass Companions.
The Astrophysical Journal, 159(5),