Conscientious Objectors in the Culture War?: A Typology of Attitudes toward Church-State Relations

Document Type



In this study we investigate the various types of church-state positions taken by members of the mass public. We propose a typology of attitudes on church-state issues, and test that typology with a cluster analysis of a survey of residents of the Washington, D.C. area. We confirm that there are four main positions on free exercise and establishment issues. Attitudes toward questions of religious establishment and free exercise ate substantially independent, and attitudes toward religious free exercise are not directly related to religiosity or religious orthodoxy. These findings suggest that the "culture wars" thesis may be empirically inadequate as a description of contemporary American politics.


Church and state; Freedom of religion; Political science


American Politics | Political Science | Religion

UNLV article access

Search your library