Problem-Gambling Severity, Suicidality, and DSM-IV Axis I Psychiatric Disorders

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International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

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Studies have examined relationships between suicidality and problem gambling and suicidality and Axis I psychiatric disorders. However, questions remain regarding how suicidality may influence relationships between problem-gambling severity and Axis I disorders. Using a sample of 13,543 participants with mood symptomatology from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions study (NESARC), we examined the relationship between different levels of problem-gambling severity and DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric disorders according to suicidality level. Bivariate analyses were conducted to examine the association between problem-gambling severity, sociodemographic characteristics, and presence or absence of past-year Axis I disorders according to suicidality status. Next, a series of adjusted logistic regression analyses evaluated the relationships between problem-gambling severity and psychopathology according to suicidality level. The relationships between Axis I psychiatric disorders and problem-gambling severity were largely not moderated by suicidal ideation or attempt. A possible exception was observed with panic disorder in which a stronger relationship was observed in the relationship between low-risk gambling (vs low-frequency/non-gambling) in the group with suicide attempts as compared with that without attempt or ideation, suggesting the importance of considering subsyndromal gambling behaviors, particularly among individuals with panic disorder and suicidal tendencies.


Gambling; Suicidality; Comorbidity; Suicidal ideation; Suicide attempt; Axis I disorders


Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental and Social Health | Psychiatric and Mental Health



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