Painful intercourse: Dyspareunia and vaginismus

Document Type



Dyspareunia and vaginismus are disorders involving pain and sex. The pain wreaks havoc on the sex. It sets the stage for development or reinforcement of comorbid sexual dysfunctions, negative sexual attitudes, avoidant and damaging behaviors, relationship discord, and declines in self-esteem and mood. These in turn augment the experience of pain. Despite significant overlap, pain may require certain interventions, while sexual problems may require others. The effort is a considerable one, as dyspareunia and vaginismus are difficult sexual problems to resolve.


Health Psychology | Medicine and Health | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology


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