Master of Arts (MA)
First Committee Member
Number of Pages
The purpose of this thesis is to identify and understand some of the factors at SBa-71 (Santa Barbara, CA) which relate to the intensive marine resource specialization known for the Chumash Indians of the historic period. A modified ecological model, which includes processes relating to the acquisition, distribution, and consumption of resources, will be used. It is postulated that the political economy, resource management strategies and environmental conditions are critical to understanding cultural development that culminated in the historic Chumash; Specific questions relating to SBa-71 include: (a) What is the time span represented by the occupation of SBa-71? (b) What was the relative importance of marine and land resources in the subsistence economy? and (c) What environmental conditions or factors could effect these resources and how they are used? Technological and morphological analyses of the stone, bone and shell artifacts, midden constituent analyses, and paleoenvironmental reconstructions will be utilized in an attempt to answer these questions; Previous research has centered on the idea that marine resource specialization could not have developed from a supposed terrestrial hunting orientation. This work attempts to understand the exact nature of the adaptations which occurred at SBa-71 before positing processual incongruities.
Analysis; Artifacts; Santa Barbara; Channel; Constituents; California; Developing; Fisherman; Hunters; Marine; Midden; Resources; Specialization
Archaeology; Indians of North America--Study and teaching
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
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DuBarton, Anne Evelyn, "From hunters to fisherman? Developing marine resource specialization on the Santa Barbara Channel Analysis of the artifacts and midden constituents from Ca-Sba-71" (1991). UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations. 166.