Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Committee Member

Mei Yang

Number of Pages



Wireless sensor networks have been proposed as a practical solution for a wide range of applications due to their benefits of low cost, rapid deployment, self-organization capability, and cooperative data-processing. Many applications, such as military surveillance and habitat monitoring, require the deployment of large-scale sensor networks. A highly scalable and fault-tolerant network architecture, the Progressive Multi-hop Rotational Clustered (PMRC) structure has been proposed, which is suitable for constructing large-scale wireless sensor networks. However, similar to other multi-hop structures, the PMRC structure also suffers from the bottleneck problem; This thesis is focused on solving the bottleneck problem existing in the PMRC structure. First, the Overlapping Neighbor Layers (ONL) scheme is proposed to balance the energy consumption among cluster heads at different layers. Further, the Minimum Overlapping Neighbor Layers (MONL) scheme is proposed wherein the overlapped area between neighbor layers is gradually increased through network life time to achieve load balance and energy efficiency in the whole network area. Simulation results show that the MONL scheme significantly prolongs network life time and demonstrates steady performance on sensor networks with uniformly distributed sensor nodes. To further prolong the network life time, traffic-similar sensor nodes distribution combined with the MONL scheme is studied; The proposed overlapped layers schemes are proven to be effective in solving the bottleneck problem and prolonging network life time for PMRC-based networks. They can also be applied for other multi-hop cluster-based sensor networks. The traffic-similar nodes distribution concept can be applied in optimizing sensor network deployment to achieve desired network life time.


Hop; Layers; Life; Multi; Networks; Networks; Overlapping; Prolonging; Sensor; Time; Wireless

Controlled Subject

Electrical engineering

File Format


File Size

1177.6 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have the full text removed from Digital Scholarship@UNLV, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.


IN COPYRIGHT. For more information about this rights statement, please visit