Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)



First Committee Member

Carol Kimball

Number of Pages



During the years of the Holocaust, literature of many different types was generated in order to fulfill the distinctive needs of people caught in an unimaginable nightmare. Despite the horrific conditions or perhaps propelled by them, the Jewish people kept diaries, wrote poetry and stories, and they made music, in particular, by singing. This literature represents the undying hope, the very soul of the Jewish people; Lori Laitman is one of the most prolific composers of American art songs working today. Although the amount of scholarly work on Laitman's music is rather limited, this should not diminish the worthiness of the composer's contributions to American art song, her extremely productive output, and her evolving and growing body of work; Laitman has composed five Holocaust-themed song cycles to date. Three of these are composed for baritone voice and various instrument parings and will occupy the body of the musical examinations of this document. These works are: (1) Holocaust 1944, for baritone and double-bass (1996, revised 1998); (2) Fathers, for baritone and piano trio or baritone, flute, cello and piano (2002, revised 2003); (3) The Seed of Dream, for baritone, cello and piano (2004); The document will examine Laitman's musical translations of the texts by Jerzy Ficowski, Karen Gershon, Anne Ranasinghe, Tadeusz Rozewicz, Abraham Sutzkever and David Vogel which reflect life during the Holocaust. Further, it will briefly examine dramatic and pedagogical aspects of these song cycles; The research will rely heavily on interviews, journal articles, current performance practice and a review of related literature. Most importantly, insights of the composer herself, taken from the interviews, letters, and shared, unpublished information will be incorporated to the study.


Ashes; Cycles; Examination; Fathers; Holocaust; Holocaust 1944; Holocaust Music; Holocaust; Laitman, Lori; Lori; Seed Of Dream; Song; Song Cycles; Songs; Songs Of Lori Laitman; Seed Of Dream

Controlled Subject


File Format


File Size

2918.4 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have the full text removed from Digital Scholarship@UNLV, please submit a request to and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.


IN COPYRIGHT. For more information about this rights statement, please visit