Doctor of Philosophy in Learning and Technology
First Committee Member
Neal Strudler, Chair
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Graduate Faculty Representative
James R. Crawford
Number of Pages
Recent meta-analyses on the efficacy of distance education have concluded that no significant difference exists between face-to-face and distance education. At the same time, these meta-analyses noted that considerable heterogeneity existed between the individual studies used in the meta-analyses. Investigation of moderators responsible for that heterogeneity suggested that four things other than media delivery were primarily responsible for the majority of variation between study outcomes: methodological quality, instructor involvement, type of interaction, instructional methods and time-on-task. A comparative meta-analysis was performed to further investigate these moderators. Methodological quality, maturational differences in students and any undetermined media effects were controlled for through the inclusion process: Only Web-based courses delivered entirely at a distance (no blended courses were included) to adult learners and studies that were quasi-experimental or experimental in design were included. The effect of time-on-task on student outcomes is well documented in the literature and not addressed in the present study. A main effect for Web-based, adult distance instruction ( g = .777; k = 59; SE = .078) was found. Results suggest Web-based distance education appears to have improved over time and that independent study, Behaviorist instructional strategies, instructor moderated collaboration, provision of formative feedback and the use of multimedia are more effective practices to use in Web-based distance education with adults. The need for more research into specific instructional strategies used in Web-based distance education and appropriate assessments for each is discussed.
Distance education; Teaching; Web-based instruction
Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching | Education | Instructional Media Design | Science and Technology Studies | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Roberts, Robin Michael, "Best instructional practices for distance education: A meta-analysis" (2011). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 1240.