Award Date

Summer May 2013

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Committee Member

Karen Harry

Second Committee Member

Barb Roth

Third Committee Member

Liam Frink

Fourth Committee Member

William Bauer

Number of Pages



This thesis investigates whether Spanish demands on native time, labor and diet resulted in changes to the plainware ceramics used by the Salinas Pueblo Indians of New Mexico from the early 1600s to the 1670s. Increased pressures on native women's time may have resulted in a decline in the quality of the ceramic pastes, an increase in the presence of mend holes, changes in household size and composition that may have resulted in changes in the sizes of cooking vessels, and a decrease in food availability that may have resulted in decreased sizes or quantities of storage jars. While the results showed that there were no significant changes in the plainware ceramics, the lack of change may be explained through ceramic intensification, potter conservatism, pottery idealism, and regional differences. Although my results were different from my expectations, I would suggest that scholars continue to study the material culture as a way to answer further questions about cultural change in the face of contact.


Gran Quivira; Plainware Ceramics; Salinas Pueblo Indians


Archaeological Anthropology | Indigenous Studies | United States History

File Format


Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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