Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Electrical Engineering

First Committee Member

Shahram Latifi

Second Committee Member

Sahjendra Singh

Third Committee Member

Venkatesan Muthukumar

Fourth Committee Member

Laxmi Gewali

Number of Pages



Various image fusion techniques have been studied to meet the requirements of different applications such as concealed weapon detection, remote sensing, urban mapping, surveillance and medical imaging. Combining two or more images of the same scene or object produces a better application-wise visible image. The conventional wavelet transform (WT) has been widely used in the field of image fusion due to its advantages, including multi-scale framework and capability of isolating discontinuities at object edges. However, the contourlet transform (CT) has been recently adopted and applied to the image fusion process to overcome the drawbacks of WT with its own advantages. Based on the experimental studies in this dissertation, it is proven that the contourlet transform is more suitable than the conventional wavelet transform in performing the image fusion. However, it is important to know that the contourlet transform also has major drawbacks. First, the contourlet transform framework does not provide shift-invariance and structural information of the source images that are necessary to enhance the fusion performance. Second, unwanted artifacts are produced during the image decomposition process via contourlet transform framework, which are caused by setting some transform coefficients to zero for nonlinear approximation. In this dissertation, a novel fusion method using hybrid wavelet-based contourlet transform (HWCT) is proposed to overcome the drawbacks of both conventional wavelet and contourlet transforms, and enhance the fusion performance. In the proposed method, Daubechies Complex Wavelet Transform (DCxWT) is employed to provide both shift-invariance and structural information, and Hybrid Directional Filter Bank (HDFB) is used to achieve less artifacts and more directional information. DCxWT provides shift-invariance which is desired during the fusion process to avoid mis-registration problem. Without the shift-invariance, source images are mis-registered and non-aligned to each other; therefore, the fusion results are significantly degraded. DCxWT also provides structural information through its imaginary part of wavelet coefficients; hence, it is possible to preserve more relevant information during the fusion process and this gives better representation of the fused image. Moreover, HDFB is applied to the fusion framework where the source images are decomposed to provide abundant directional information, less complexity, and reduced artifacts.

The proposed method is applied to five different categories of the multimodal image fusion, and experimental study is conducted to evaluate the performance of the proposed method in each multimodal fusion category using suitable quality metrics. Various datasets, fusion algorithms, pre-processing techniques and quality metrics are used for each fusion category. From every experimental study and analysis in each fusion category, the proposed method produced better fusion results than the conventional wavelet and contourlet transforms; therefore, its usefulness as a fusion method has been validated and its high performance has been verified.


Computer Engineering | Electrical and Computer Engineering

File Format


Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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