Award Date

12-1-2020

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Department

Environmental and Occupational Health

First Committee Member

Sheniz Moonie

Second Committee Member

Chad Cross

Third Committee Member

Brian Labus

Fourth Committee Member

Dieu-My Tran

Number of Pages

64

Abstract

Despite decreasing incidence in cervical cancer in the U.S., there continues to be an increase in public health concern for cervical cancer worldwide. Recent studies report that individuals are disproportionately affected based on region, sex, and race. Additionally, the human papillomavirus (HPV) attributable cancers may be reduced between 70% and 90% through the universal use of HPV-vaccines. In order to expand current knowledge and implement intervention programs in Nevada, it is critical to examine the associations among the Gardasil vaccine, cervical cancer screening, and adverse events following immunization as well as to understand the different socio-demographic subgroups affected. To our knowledge, this study provided a novel analysis of the Gardasil vaccine usage trends within Nevada and will use an adjacent state (California) and the U.S. as comparators. This study used 2008-2018 data from TeenVaxView, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) data reporting adverse events following an HPV vaccination. We found that California (68.4%) had the highest Gardasil vaccine usage compared to Nevada (55.9%) and the U.S. (56.4%). Chi-square trend analysis in this study showed no significant change in cervical cancer screening in Nevada (p=0.829); however, chi-square test for trend in California did show a significant change through time (p

Keywords

Gardasil vaccine; Nevada; California

Disciplines

Biostatistics | Epidemiology

File Format

pdf

File Size

996 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Rights

IN COPYRIGHT. For more information about this rights statement, please visit http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/


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