Master of Science (MS)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Number of Pages
It is well known that elasticity is a key physical property in the determination of the structure and composition of the Earth and provides critical information for the interpretation of seismic data. This study investigates the stress-induced variation in elastic wave velocities, known as the acoustoelastic effect, in San Carlos olivine. A recently developed experimental ultrasonic acoustic system, the Directly Integrated Acoustic System Combined with Pressure Experiments (DIASCoPE), was used with the D-DIA multi-anvil apparatus to transmit ultrasonic sound waves and collect the reflections. We use the DIASCoPE to obtain longitudinal (P) and shear (S) elastic wave velocities from the sample which we compare to our known stress state in the D-DIA derived from synchrotron X-ray diffraction. We use elastic-plastic self-consistent (EPSC) numerical modeling to forward model X-ray diffraction data collected in D-DIA experiments to obtain the macroscopic stress on our sample. We can observe the relationship between the relative elastic wave velocity change (ΔV/V) and macroscopic stress to determine the acoustoelastic constants, and interpret our observations using the linearized first order equation based on the model proposed by Hughes and Kelly (1953). This work supports the presence of the acoustoelastic effect in San Carlos olivine, which can be measured as a function of pressure and temperature. This study will aid in our understanding of the acoustoelastic effect and provide a new experimental technique to measure the stress state in elastically deformed geologic materials at high pressure conditions.
Acoustoelastic Effect; Deformation; DIASCoPE; High-pressure studies; Synchrotron X-ray; Ultrasonics
Geophysics and Seismology
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Traylor, Taryn, "Initial Measurements on the Effect of Stress on P- and S-wave Velocities in Olivine" (2020). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 4088.
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