Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Teaching and Learning

First Committee Member

Shaoan Zhang

Second Committee Member

Iesha Jackson

Third Committee Member

Xue Xing

Fourth Committee Member

Tiberio Garza

Number of Pages



Since the enactment of Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) in 2016, K-12 schools in the U.S. have responded to the challenge with various instructional reform initiatives. School climate, teaching practices, and teacher self-efficacy are important aspects of research as they affect students’ learning. The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to evaluate the goodness of fit of the three hypothesized mediation models with the data from the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM); and second, to determine the interrelations between teacher self-efficacy, school climate, and teaching practices. To address the research questions and hypotheses, U.S. national data with 2,560 teachers from 165 lower secondary schools (7th, 8th, and 9th grades) were used in the current study. The results indicated that (1) teacher self-efficacy significantly and partially mediated the relationship between school climate and teaching practices; (2) teaching practices significantly and fully mediated the relationship between school climate and teacher self-efficacy; and (3) school climate significantly and partially mediated the relationship between teacher self-efficacy and teaching practices. Theoretically, this study enriched the understanding of teacher self-efficacy by adding multicultural self-efficacy and the understanding of teaching practices by including diversity practices. Methodologically, using SEM to test the three hypothesized mediation models, this study provided the generalizability to other contexts and an example for future research using SEM to explore the topic using large-scale secondary data such as TALIS data. For practice, the current study provided implications on the interventions of school climate, teacher self-efficacy, and teaching practices.


Multicultural self-efficacy; School climate; Teacher self-efficacy; Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS); Teaching practices


Teacher Education and Professional Development

File Format


File Size

1332 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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