Award Date

5-1-2021

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Committee Member

Mohamed Trabia

Second Committee Member

Kwang Kim

Third Committee Member

Zhiyong Wang

Fourth Committee Member

Brendan O'Toole

Fifth Committee Member

Szu-Ping Lee

Number of Pages

84

Abstract

This thesis proposes an approach for Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of mandibular fracture fixation. Using a Computerized Tomography (CT) scan of mandible obtained from a specific person, the material characteristics, density and modulus of elasticity, were determined from a set of discrete points within the mandible that are 1mm spaced based on the Hounsfield Units of these points. The mandible geometry was sectioned to simulate a fracture. Muscle and mastication forces were added to replicate post-surgery loading. Using a standard linear miniplate, this material model was compared with two commonly used mandibular cortical shell bone models: isotropic and orthotropic. A modified V-shaped miniplate was fixed over the fracture. A comparison of this V-miniplate to a standard linear miniplate typically used in fixation under identical loading conditions was done to assess the veracity of the modified design.

Keywords

CT-Scan; Implant design; Mandible fracture; Mnadible fixation; Molar clench

Disciplines

Biomechanical Engineering | Biomechanics | Biomedical | Biomedical Devices and Instrumentation

File Format

pdf

File Size

7100 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Rights

IN COPYRIGHT. For more information about this rights statement, please visit http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/

Available for download on Sunday, May 15, 2022


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