Journal of Molecular Structure
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Safe and inexpensive methods for synthesis of a series of four substituted 2,4,6-triphenylyrylium tosylate salts with different substituents are reported. The synthesis methods use p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate instead of conventional acid catalysts including perchloric acid or boron trifluoride diethyl etherate that pose explosion danger and difficult storage problems, respectively. The chemical structures of these salts were established using FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic techniques and elemental analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that these salts have good thermal stability, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that they have lower melting transitions than the corresponding tetrafluoroborate and perchlorate salts. Solutions of the salts in organic solvents (such as acetonitrile and methanol) absorbed strongly in the blue-near-ultraviolet spectral range and emitted efficiently in the blue-green spectral range depending on the substituents in 2- and 6-positions of phenyl groups. The fluorescence quantum yields of the salts ranged from 0.33 to 0.56. Under intense ultrashort laser pumping, an acetonitrile solution of the salt, 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium tosylate, the salt with the highest quantum yield, demonstrated stimulated emission and laser action with only nominal feedback.
Pyrylium tosylates; Absorption spectra; Fluorescence; Quantum; Yields; Laser; Differential scanning calorimetry
Koh, J. J.,
Lee, C. I.,
Ciulei, M. A.,
Bhowmik, P. K.,
Gayen, S. K.
Synthesis, Optical Spectroscopy and Laser Potential of Pyrylium Tosylates.
Journal of Molecular Structure, 1171