Award Date

1-1-2008

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

First Committee Member

Darrell Pepper

Number of Pages

157

Abstract

A study has been conducted to optimize the aerodynamics of a solar powered unmanned aerial vehicle for low Reynolds number flight. In this study, three areas of the airframe, namely the fuselage, wing-fuselage junction and wingtips, were analyzed, tested, evaluated and developed in an iterative design process. A numerical analysis method was employed to complete the aerodynamic study, the purpose of which was to minimize adverse flow conditions occurring near or about the aforementioned areas under most flight conditions and to maximize their aerodynamic usefulness. The results were benchmarked internally through the iterative process using the initial design as a control and externally by comparing with collected empirical figures characterizing solar airplanes of the past and present. The results showed that with careful design practices, wingtip devices can be made to improve flight characteristics at low Reynolds number flight significantly enough to offset their structural disadvantages, providing a substantial drag decrease over the entire flight envelope. It was also shown that fuselage shape can be modified to accommodate the airplane's mission and fulfill a greater role than solely being a payload carrier by using this body to generate and control aerodynamic forces. Finally it was illustrated that careful design of the wing-fuselage junction could lead to significant improvements in both lift and drag characteristics.

Keywords

Aerial; Aerodynamic; Flight; Low; Number; Optimization; Reynolds; Solar; Unmanned; Vehicles

Controlled Subject

Aerospace engineering

File Format

pdf

File Size

4.24 MB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

If you are the rightful copyright holder of this dissertation or thesis and wish to have the full text removed from Digital Scholarship@UNLV, please submit a request to digitalscholarship@unlv.edu and include clear identification of the work, preferably with URL.


Share

COinS